On April 23, 2014 at 9:27 am A Family Lawyer said: Custody is the right to make decisions on behalf of the child. Access is the right of the child. Either of them have the right to apply for custody and/or access of the child. It would serve the child’s best interests to have frequent and regular access in the younger years. The parents will need to learn to communicate with one another to express their concerns about parenting issues. If there is an inability to communicate or co-operate then joint custody may not be appropriate. Whether there is joint custody or not, the child should have maximum amount of contact with both parents, provided there are no concerns about either of their parenting abilities and each parent is able to meet the child’s needs. The Divorce-Canada website has general information on custody and access issues, you may also review other information online more specifically relating to parenting co-ordination.